Conducted by Adam Fischer, the Danish National Chamber Orchestra (Danmarks Underholdningsorkester) performs Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony No. 28 in C major, K. 200/189k. The exact composition date of the symphony is unknown, but it is one of Mozart’s Salzburg-era symphonies (1771–1777). It was probably composed in 1773 or 1774.
If the piece was composed in 1774, then Symphony No. 28 followed rather than preceded 29th and 30th symphonies. This symphony is scored for 2 oboes, 2 horns, 2 trumpets and strings and there are four movements:
- Allegro spiritoso, 3/4. The movement begins with a four-chord downward arpeggio before the fun begins in the violins. There’s a key change for the longer second subject, plus a brief closing theme in C major. After an exposition repeat, the principal theme not only dominates a short, spicy development, but leads off the reprise and coda, too.
- Andante in F major, 2/4. The 2nd movement opens with an aria-like, legato main theme for muted violins, but it is the third, closing subject (in sixteenth notes) that occupies a brief development section.
- Menuet – Trio, 3/4. This is a danceable minuet with oboes doubling both song-section themes for violins.
- Presto, 2/2. The last movement, even in Mozart’s standards, “insouciant”, according to music writer Roger Dettmer. “Craftsmanship is masterly, the more astonishing when it’s remembered that this isn’t the usual rondo-finale, but sonata form. The violins’ trilled main-theme, like the whir of hummingbird wings, is the principal subject of both the development and a brief coda, wherein oboes double the trills — thrills in fact, given the challenge of Mozart’s vivacious tempo.”
Danish National Chamber Orchestra
The Danish National Chamber Orchestra (Danish: Danmarks Underholdningsorkester) is a Danish chamber orchestra which existed under the auspices of the Danish Broadcasting Corporation from 1939 to 2014 (the roots of the orchestra date back to 1927). Since 2015, the orchestra exists under private funding.
In 1927, Louis Preil formed an orchestra to perform light music at the Hotel Phoenix in Copenhagen. By 1933, this ensemble, Louis Preils Danseorkester (Louis Preil’s Dance Orchestra), had numbered 22 musicians and attained great popularity in Denmark, via radio transmissions. In 1939, DR then formally established the DR Underholdningsorkester (literal translation: Danish Radio Entertainment Orchestra) as a house orchestra that focused on lighter, popular repertoire.
In September 2014, Danish Radio (DR) announced the disbanding of the orchestra effective 1 January 2015, citing budget cutbacks. Protests at the decision resulted, including objections to the haste of the decision by the DR board of directors, and that the Minister of Culture, Marianne Jelved, had authorised the dismantling before the orchestra had the opportunity to present a savings plan to allow it to continue. The orchestra gave its final performance as a DR ensemble on 21 November 2014, with a performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 9.
The musicians of the orchestra then began a crowdfunding campaign to keep the orchestra in existence. Via Kickstarter, this campaign raised 1,000,000 DKK in funds from private individuals, and several Danish corporations pledged the remaining 2,000,000 DKK. Because of the rules of single-donation limits to Kickstarter, in this instance 50,000 DKK, the orchestra was required to cancel its Kickstarter account, to return those donations, and to request that donors re-submit their donations in cash by 28 February 2015.
After the disconnection of the orchestra from its affiliation with DR, the orchestra, with its new name of Danmarks Underholdningsorkester, gave its first concert as a privately funded ensemble on 1 February 2015 at the Royal Academy of Music in Copenhagen.
- Symphony No. 28 (Mozart) on wikipedia
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony No. 28 in C major, K. 200 (K. 189k) on All Music
- Danish National Chamber Orchestra on wikipedia